Hong Kong Law
Pilot Scheme Requiring The Early Posting Of A Near Final Draft IPO Prospectus On The HKEx Website To Commence January 2008
IntroductionThe Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the Exchange) and the Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) published a Joint Policy Statement on 5 November 2007, announcing that they are launching a pilot scheme requiring the posting of a Web Proof Information Pack (WPIP) on the website of Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEx) or the Growth Enterprise Market (GEM), prior to the issue of an initial public offering (IPO) prospectus. The scheme will also apply to SFC-authorised collective investment schemes (CIS), including SFC-authorised real estate investment trusts (REITs). The pilot scheme will begin on 1 January 2008 and will apply to:
- all applicants whose listing applications are tabled to the Listing Committee on or after 1 January; and
- CIS applicants that receive the SFC’s approval-in-principle letter on or after 1 January 2008.
- The Joint Policy Statement
- Sample Disclaimer Language on the WPIP
- Recommended Contents Layout of a WPIP
- Logistical Arrangements for Posting a WPIP on the HKEx Website
- Frequently Asked Questions
BackgroundThe current market practice is for underwriters to issue materials to institutional investors as part of the bookbuilding process and management roadshow. Institutional investors will normally receive a “red herring” or “pathfinder”, i.e. a near-final prospectus draft, without pricing and related financial and offer size information. The full prospectus is issued later, usually offering a three and a half day period between the issue of the prospectus and the close of offer. Members of the public have first access to the prospectus at this point. The Exchange has apparently received positive feedback from two cases where it asked new listing applicants to post information packs similar to the WPIP on the HKEx website prior to issuing the prospectus.
Rationale for WPIP-postingWPIP-posting at this early stage is aimed at addressing the apparent inequality of information available to institutional and retail investors leading up to an IPO and is intended to create a more level playing field. It is also hoped that posting the WPIP at an earlier stage in the listing process may help reduce media speculation and market rumours and hence the time spent monitoring these by the Exchange, the SFC and applicants.
Timing of WPIP-postingThe obligation to post a WPIP will arise when the applicant, via its sponsor, receives a “request for posting” from the Exchange. The “request for posting” is expected to be issued at about the same time as the Exchange sends out the letter setting out the Listing Committee’s comments and any conditions to the listing approval (the Post-Hearing Letter). The applicant will have to submit the WPIP to the Exchange for posting on the HKEx website on a business day at the earliest practicable time, not later than the earlier of:
- the time at which the applicant first distributes any red herring prospectus to institutional investors; and
- the time at which the first meeting (whether held physically or by video conference or any other media) with the institutional investors commences for bookbuilding purposes, irrespective of whether any red herring has been distributed.
Requirement for Sponsor confirmationThe WPIP will be required to be submitted by the sponsor on behalf of the applicant. At the time of submitting the WPIP, the sponsor will also be required to confirm to the Exchange in writing that the Prescribed Timing Requirement for WPIP-posting has been complied with.
Changes to the WPIPWhenever the applicant makes any changes to its red herring prospectus and distributes materials reflecting such changes to the institutional investors, the same materials must be submitted for posting on the HKEx website. Where the WPIP is replaced after its initial posting, the revised WPIP must be backlined to reflect the changes made to the previously posted WPIP.
No pre-vetting or approval of WPIP by Exchange or SFC is requiredThe WPIP and subsequent changes do not require pre-vetting or clearance from the Exchange or the SFC prior to posting. However, such changes would still need to be cleared by the Exchange or the SFC prior to bulk printing of the final prospectus.
Language of the WPIPThe WPIP posted on the HKEx website must be issued in English and accompanied by a Chinese translation. The Chinese translation must also be posted within the Prescribed Timing Requirement for WPIP-posting.
Content requirements of a WPIPThe preparation of the WPIP must follow the principles given below:
- it should contain essentially the same information about the applicant as the red herring provides to institutional investors, with the exception of information relating only to the placing tranche;
- it must not contain any information about the proposed offering, price or means to subscribe for shares in the applicant until a prospectus duly registered in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Companies Ordinance (CO) is published;
- it must not contain any information regarding the proposed offering or other information which may result in the WPIP being construed as a prospectus or offering advertisement under the CO regime or falling under the prohibition described in section 103 of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (SFO); and
- there must be an appropriate disclaimer and warning language to advise viewers of the legal status of the WPIP. A sample disclaimer can be found at Attachment 1 to the Joint Policy Statement. Applicants and sponsors can adopt their own disclaimers and warnings, but they must include statements to the effect that;
- the WPIP is not an offer to sell or an invitation to induce or solicit an offer to acquire, purchase or subscribe for securities in any jurisdiction;
- the WPIP is not an offering document, nor is it in final form and is therefore subject to change;
- no investment decision should be based on the information contained in the WPIP;
- there is no guarantee that there will be an offering;
- any eventual offer will be the subject of a duly registered prospectus, being the only document on which investors should rely.
Withdrawal of WPIP from HKEx websiteIn the event that the applicant’s offering does not proceed, the WPIP will remain on the HKEx website until the applicant gives notice to the Exchange to withdraw its listing application (and in the case of CIS applicants, the CIS listing applicant gives notice to the SFC to withdraw its authorisation application) or the relevant application lapses. The Exchange will then withdraw the WPIP and any supplemental documents from the HKEx website as soon as is practicable. Where the applicant’s offering proceeds to listing, the applicant must re-submit all the WPIP materials through the HKEx’s electronic publication system (HKEx-EPS) for publication on the Latest Listed Company Information section of the Main Board website or the Latest Company Announcement section of the GEM website. It is anticipated that eventually the HKEx-EPS system will be enhanced to incorporate WPIP posting so no re-posting of WPIP materials will be required. During the pilot scheme, WPIP posting will not be made via the HKEx-EPS system. The WPIP will be required to be submitted on a CD ROM to the IPO Transactions Department between 9.00 a.m. and 6.00 p.m. on a business day. The logistical arrangements for posting are set out in full in Attachment 3 to the Joint Policy Statement.
Regulatory Status of WPIPThe HKEx and SFC have jointly obtained a legal opinion from a London Q.C. advising on the legal status of the WPIP. Based on the policy rationale for the Exchange requirement regarding WPIP-posting and the legal opinion from Counsel, the SFC is of the view that any WPIP posted on the HKEx website:
- will not constitute a prospectus under section 2(1) of the CO;
- will not constitute an “advertisement” or an “extract from or abridged version of a prospectus” (section 38B(1)(a) of the CO); nor will it constitute an “advertisement in relation to a prospectus or proposed prospectus” (section 38B(1)(b) of the CO); and
- will not constitute a prohibited advertisement under section 103(1) SFO.