Hong Kong Law
Hong Kong SFC Requires Enhanced Disclosure for Green or ESG Retail Funds
Hong Kong’s Securities and Futures Commission (the SFC) published a Circular to management companies of SFC-authorised unit trusts and mutual funds on 11 April, 2019, setting out enhanced disclosure requirements for SFC-authorised green or environmental, social and governance (ESG) funds.
Green or ESG-related investment products are regarded as sustainable investments and asset managers are increasingly taking climate change, green, ESG or sustainability factors into consideration when making investment decisions and offering products that fit green or ESG-related investment mandates. They are gaining ground in foreign markets and various overseas jurisdictions are imposing disclosure requirements and regulatory frameworks to assist investors’ understanding and assessment of whether particular investment products meet their investment expectations and needs.
There are currently a number of SFC-authorised funds focused on investing in climate, green, environmental or sustainable development. Having evaluated the disclosures made by these funds, the SFC notes that while a majority of the funds disclosed the green or ESG factors in their investment objective or strategy, most fail to stipulate how their managers incorporate and screen these factors in the investment selection process. Given the wide variation in the quality of disclosure, the SFC has set out in the Circular how the current Code on Unit Trusts and Mutual Funds (UT Code) and disclosure guidelines on SFC-authorised funds apply to green and ESG funds. The aim is to enable investors to more easily compare similar types of SFC-authorised green or ESG funds to facilitate informed investment decisions.
The Circular applies to SFC-authorised unit trusts and mutual funds which incorporate one or more of the internationally recognised green or ESG criteria or principles (set out in Annex 1 to the Circular) as their key investment focus, and reflect this in their name and investment objective or strategy.
A green or ESG fund should invest primarily in investments reflecting the fund’s particular green or ESG investment focus. In particular:
- funds adopting screening or thematic investment strategies should demonstrate that they have invested at least 70% of their total net asset value in securities or other investments reflecting the stated green or ESG-related investment focus; or
- funds adopting other investment strategies, such as ESG integration or impact investing, will need to be able to demonstrate to the SFC, on a case-by-case basis, how they comply with this requirement.
Offering documents for SFC-authorised funds are required to contain the information necessary to enable investors to make informed decisions. The SFC expects the offering documents, including the product key fact statements, of green and ESG funds to disclose at least the following:
- a description of the key investment focus (e.g. climate change, green, sustainability, etc.) and targeted objective (e.g. financial return, mitigating climate change or environmental damage, etc.) of the green or ESG fund, and where applicable, how the key investment focus is considered as green or ESG-related;
- a description of the investment strategies adopted by the green or ESG fund, including but not limited to:
- the relevant green or ESG criteria or principles considered;
- the anticipated exposure to the securities or other investments that reflect the stipulated green or ESG investment focus;
- the investment selection process and criteria adopted by the green or ESG fund, such as:
- assessment criteria of the underlying investments;
- ESG analysis and evaluation methodology; and
- reference ESG benchmark being tracked and the characteristics and general composition of the benchmark;
- a description of whether an exclusion policy is adopted by the green or ESG fund and types of exclusion (e.g. sectors, countries or activities);
- a description of risks associated with the green or ESG fund’s investment theme; and
- other information considered necessary by the manager.
Managers of green or ESG funds are required to regularly monitor and evaluate the funds’ underlying investments to ensure they continue to meet the investment objective and requirements set out in the SFC Circular.
A central database of green or ESG funds will be launched before the end of 2019. The new database will be accessible through the SFC’s website and is aimed at enhancing the visibility of these funds.
7.1. Initial confirmation of compliance
Managers of existing SFC-authorised funds or of new funds that are seeking SFC authorisation which fall within the scope of the Circular must provide to the SFC one of the confirmations stipulated in Annex 2, being either a self-confirmation of compliance or a confirmation demonstrating compliance supported by an independent third party certification or fund label.
7.2. Existing SFC-authorised funds
For an existing SFC-authorised fund to be classified as a green or ESG fund pursuant to the Circular, its manager should review the fund’s offering documents against the disclosure requirements set out in Paragraph 9 of the Circular (as summarised under Paragraph 4 above), and make any necessary updates and revisions as soon as practicable, and no later than 31 December 2019.
Where the fund’s offering documents require updates or revisions, managers should assess whether the SFC’s prior approval is required under Paragraph 11.1 of the UT Code and the applicable post-authorisation application requirements. The green or ESG fund will be posted on the dedicated webpage once the SFC is satisfied that it complies with the Circular’s requirements.
7.3. New funds seeking SFC authorisation
In order to obtain classification as a green or ESG fund under the Circular, managers should ensure that the requirements of the Circular and applicable provisions of the SFC Handbook for Unit Trusts and Mutual Funds Investment-Linked Assurance Schemes and Unlisted Structured Investment Products (including the UT Code) and other relevant SFC circulars and guidelines are met. The new green or ESG fund will be posted on the dedicated webpage once its authorisation takes effect.
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Charltons - Hong Kong Law - 448 - 18 June 2019